What are Stem Cells?
Stem cells are the body's "master" cells that regenerate and turn into the cells that form all of the tissues, organs, and systems in the human body. The different cell types within the body are all derived from such cells- and hence the name. Stem cells are undifferentiated, "blank" cells that do not yet have a specific function. Characteristically, stem cells have a high capacity for self-renewal.
Stem cells have the unique ability to differentiate into a variety of cells. When a stem cell divides, each new cell has the potential to either remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function - such as a muscle cell, a red blood cell or a nerve cell.
Given the right environment, stem cells can give rise to a number of tissues that constitute the different organs. Also serving as a kind of repair system for the body, stem cells can divide repeatedly and then differentiate and replenish cells within the body. These unique characteristics are the reason why stem cells are considered a breakthrough in regenerative medicine. They have the potential for providing cells and tissues to treat various debilitating, life-threatening diseases
Sources of Stem Cells
Stem cells can be found in different places. And just where you get your stem cells from can make all the difference as to their potential.
1. Embryonic Stem Cells / Umbilical Cord Stem Cell
2. Bone Marrow
3. Peripheral Blood Stem Cells
4. Cord Blood Stem Cells
Umbilical Cord Stem Cell Banking
Breakthrough medical research has now shown that the umbilical cord blood and cord tissue are one of the richest sources of stem cells, which have a high potential to treat over 75 serious ailments and holds the promise to treat many more critical ailments in the future. The umbilical cord blood and cord tissue can be easily collected, processed and preserved through the innovative concept of stem cell banking for future use.
Umbilical cord blood & cord tissue banking is an once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for parents to collect and preserve the stem cells from their baby's umbilical cord within 10 minutes of birth of the baby.
Indian Companies that do this
Link -> http://www.lifecellinternational.com/
2) Cryobanks International
Link -> http://www.cryobanksindia.com/